Oil and gas are non-renewable energy resources and cannot be readily replaced by natural means at a quick enough pace to keep up with consumption. The Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources have stated that Indonesia's oil reserves of around 3,77 billion barrels will run out in about 9 years at today's production rate, while for the gas reserves of 77 trillion cubic feet (TCF), these reserves will be exhausted in around 21 years.
The Indonesian Government continues to accelerate the transition to renewable energy to secure domestic energy supply. Indonesia is set to pursue a renewable energy portion of 23% in the national energy mix in 2025. The declining oil and gas reserves in the last few years have pushed the Government to swiftly develop renewable energy resources.
After years of declining oil production, Indonesia once again aims to reach 1 million barrels of oil per day (BOPD) of production in 2030. A new giant oil and gas discovery is needed to realize this target.
The Upstream Oil and Gas Special Task Force (SKK Migas) have stated that new investment is needed to increase Indonesia’s oil and gas production. Since last year, SKK Migas has rolled out a road show presenting the country’s oil and gas potential to several international oil companies. They claim that Indonesia is still one of the attractive oil and gas investment destination countries for global investors.
It is challenging for Indonesia to meet its oil and gas lifting target, and even more challenging to boost it up. In 2019, based on data from The Upstream Oil and Gas Special Task Force (SKK Migas), Indonesia’s oil and gas lifting is below its targets which are 746,000 barrel oil per day (BOPD) and 5,934 million standard cubic feet per day of gas (MMSCFD), while the targets are 775,000 BOPD and 7,000 MMSCFD, respectively.
As its oil production continues to plummet, gas has become an opportunity for Indonesia to meet its energy demand. Therefore, gas is no longer being treated as a source of revenue for Indonesia, but as a key driver of its economy and industrial growth.
The Indonesian Petroleum Association (IPA) held its 48th Annual General Meeting (AGM) in Jakarta on Wednesday December 4, 2019. The AGM discussed IPA’s 2019 activities as well as 2020 strategic priorities.
As one of the requirements as the country who apply the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), Indonesia annually prepares a Report on Transparency in governance of extractive industries that contains the latest efforts of improvement and development the governance in Indonesia extractive industries. The purpose of the report publication is to provide a complete explanation of the implementation of extractive industry in Indonesia as well as to enhance the understanding and perception of EITI stakeholders in Indonesia.